The general benefits of baby massage comprise four main areas:
- relief from pain and minor upsets;
- interaction with parents and the environment, thus supporting bonding and attachment;
- relaxation for deeper and longer sleep;
- stimulation, especially for the nervous system, to grow and manage itself.
Jill Vyse has been working with families and their babies since 1991 at her Ottawa studio (infantmassage.ca). She has found two major reasons why parents should give infant massage a try: to aid digestion and sleep.
“Serious gas, constipation, colic and improved sleep are the reasons I hear again and again,” says Jill.
With regard to digestion, massage stimulates a particular nerve to release a digestive hormone. This in turn improves baby’s digestion and makes bowel movements easier.
As for improving sleep, as with adults, massage helps baby relax. The strokes that parents learn in baby massage classes stimulate the infant’s central nervous system in a way that enables the baby to self-calm more easily.
Baby massage differs from adult massage in that parents do massage with the baby and not to the baby. As you will notice at a baby massage class, your baby is on her back, so there is eye contact and communication between you and your child.
“It’s so rewarding to start to learn your baby’s cues in such a fun way,” says Jill.
As moms who have tried baby massage, we can tell you, as with most things that benefit your baby, you’ll soon feel much better as well.
Tips for massaging your baby
Follow your baby’s cues. She has a large vocabulary in her body language and in the sounds she makes.
Talk to your baby. Communicating through words, and the tone of your voice develops your baby’s listening skills. And, of course, smile!
Stay encouraged. Even when your baby is not “attuned to interact and massage” at this particular time, try again later that day, or another day.
Create the right atmosphere. You need a warm area and a calm surrounding. Have a baby-friendly oil at hand.
Ask permission. Making small circles around the head or a suitable touch, warm up a little oil in your palms. You can say something like, “Hi Sweetie, are you ready for a massage?”
Now you can try these three techniques
Cuddle and glide on legs. Start with holding your baby’s ankle on the inside with one hand and stroking from the hip to that ankle with your other hand. Make several gentle and firm strokes and watch how your baby responds. Relax your hand and it will mould to suit the shape of the thighs. Babies often enjoy this same stroke for the arms; just go slowly.
Benefits: Fun, relaxing, improves circulation.
Yummy tummy. You will need to work very low on baby’s tummy, so pull the diaper down or try this during a diaper change or post-bath. Start with hands near the belly button and stroke down with your flat palms, using a paddling motion down to the groin. Let one hand follow the other.
Benefits: Proven results for serious gas, constipation, promotes regularity.
Criss-cross. Just like on the tummy, you will need a little more oil. Start with each hand on baby’s lower rib cage, then gently glide up, across your baby’s chest, to the opposite shoulder and glide back. One hand at a time. This stroke is like painting a big letter X on your baby’s chest. Take your time and watch your baby’s cues.
Benefits: Relief for chest congestion, encourages baby to take a deeper breath, fun.
Moms Andrea and Lianne cofounded WhereParentsTalk.com and co-host Parents Talk on Rogers TV. Together they have produced several award-winning parenting DVDs and web videos.
Originally published in ParentsCanada, May/June 2012